Last Saturday I helped organize Global Dharma Seminar in Sunnyvale California under the banner of Global Dharma Institute.
Kalavai Venkat presented his wonderful research on Caste System in India. The work he has done is pretty amazing. For example I was not aware that various castes in India are actually genetically different from others with common ancestors going back more than 20,000 years.
The caste system as we western philosophers often modeled as hierarchy was actually a flat system with fluidity until independence and the ratio of lower caste students in school to Brahmins was higher in before 1900s where as total education was higher in Brahmins because of homeschooling.
Kalavai’s book have many such important data points from British and other important sources.